Atalli, Jacques. Noise: The Political Economy of Music. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 1977.

Atkins, William. The Immeasurable World: Journeys In Desert Places. London: Faber & Faber, 2018.

Baddeley, Gavin. Dissecting Marilyn Manson. London: Plexus Publishing, 2000.

Baldick, Robert trans. Huysmans, Joris Karl. Against Nature. London: Penguin Classics, 1959.  Reference to the secluded nature of the artist lost in experimentation and dissipation of navel gazing

Bailey, Diane. The Story of Interscope Records. Broomall, PA: Mason Crest, 2012.

Baudrillard, Jean. The Gulf War Did Not Take Place. Trans. Paul Patton. 1991. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.

Belton, Robert, J. Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo and the Hermeneutic Spiral. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017.

Biskind, Peter. Easy Riders, Raging Bulls. New York: Bloomsbury, 1998.

Bork, Robert. Slouching Towards Gomorrah: Modern Liberalism and American Decline. New York: HarperCollins, 1996. 

Bugliosi, Vincent and Curt Gentry. Helter Skelter: The True Story of The Manson Murders. London: Arrow Books, 1992.

Carr, Daphne. Pretty Hate Machine [33&⅓] London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2016.

Cullen, Dave. Columbine, New York: Twelve, 2009.

Coomaraswamy, Ananda K. The Dance of Šiva. New York: Dover, 1995.

Daniel, Drew. Twenty Jazz Funk Greats [33&⅓] London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2013.

Deleuze, Gilles. Francis Bacon: The Logic of Sensation. London: Continuum, 2005.

Dery, Mark. Escape Velocity: Cyberculture at the End of the Century. New York: Grove Press, 1996.

Didion, Joan. The White Album. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.

Diduck, Ryan Alexander. Mad Skills: MIDI and Music Technology in the Twentieth Century. London: Repeater Books, 2018.

Doran, John. The End Of Music, [The Downward Spiral LP Liner Notes], 2016. 

Eliot, T. S. Four Quartets. London: Faber & Faber, 1944 

Eshun, Kodwo. More Brilliant Than the Sun: Adventures in Sonic Fiction. London: Quartet Books, 1998.

Fisher, Mark. Ghost of My Life: Writings on Depression, Hauntology and Lost Futures. London: Zero Books, 2014. 

Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality I-III. London: Penguin, 1990.

Hammer, Martin. Francis Bacon and Nazi Propaganda.  London: Tate Publishing, 2012.

Harte, Adrian. Small Victories: The True Story of Faith No More. London: Jawbone Press, 2018.

Hollingdale, R. J. ed. A Nietzsche Reader. London: Penguin Books, 1977.

Horrocks, Chris and Zoran Jevtic. Introducing Foucault. London: Icon Books, 2013. 

Huxley, Martin. Nine Inch Nails: Self-Destruct. New York: St. Martin’s Press,1997.

Jones, Rhian, E. and Daniel Lukes and Larissa Wodtke. Triptych. London: Repeater Books, 2016. 

Juno, Andrea & Vale, Vivian. The Industrial Culture Handbook (RE/Search #6/7). London: Re/Search Publications, 2006

Lieberman, Joseph A. School Shootings. Citadel Press, 2008.

Marcus, Greil. Lipstick Traces: A Secret History of The Twentieth Century. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1989. 

McCain, Gillian & McNeil Legs. Please Kill Me: The Uncensored Oral History of Punk. New York: Abacus, 1997.

Klebold, Sue. A Mother’s Reckoning: Living in the aftermath of the Columbine tragedy. New York: W H Allen, 2017. 

Palahniuk, Chuck. Fight Club. London: Vintage, 1996.

Ibid. Stranger Than Fiction. New York: Anchor Books, 2005

Price, Simon. Everything: A Book About Manic Street Preachers. London: Virgin Books, 1999.

Reed, S. Alexander, Assimilate: a critical history of industrial music. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

Reynolds, Simon. Rip It Up and Start Again: Post-Punk 1978-1984. London: Faber & Faber, 2005.

Rule, Greg. Electro shock!: groundbreakers of synth music. San Francisco: Miller Freeman Books, 1999.

Seabrook, Thomas Jerome. Bowie in Berlin: A New Career In A New Town. London: Jawbone Press, 2008.

Schmidt, Paul trans. Arthur Rimbaud: Complete Works. New York: Harper Collins, 2008

Siegel, Carol. New Millennial Sexstyles. Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2000.

Stubbs, David, Fear of Music: Why People Get Rothko But Don’t Get Stockhausen. London: Zero Books, 2009.

Tagg, Phillip. Continuum encyclopedia of popular music of the world [Drone entry] London; New York: Continuum, 2003.

Worthington, Andy. The Guantanamo Files: The Stories of the 774 Detainees in America’s Illegal Prison. London: Pluto Press, 2007.

Younge, Gary, Another Day in the Death of America. London, Guardian Faber Publishing, 2016. 

Taylor, Steve. The A to X of Alternative Music. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. 2004. 

Thompson, Hunter, S. Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: a savage journey to the heart of the American dream. New York: Random House, 1972. 

Weinberg, J. 2016. Consensual Violence: Sex, Sports, and the Politics of Injury. Oakland, California: University of California Press. not found

Udo, Tommy. Nine Inch Nails. Glasgow: Sanctuary Publishing, 2002

Quantick, David. Revolution: The Making of The Beatles’ White Album. London: Unanimous, 2002

Williams, Evan Calder. Shard Cinema. London: Repeater Books, 2017.


Nine Inch Nails. 1989. Pretty Hate Machine. TVT 

Nine Inch Nails. 1992. Broken. Nothing/Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 1992. Fixed. Nothing/Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 1994. Closer To God. Nothing/Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 1994. The Downward Spiral. Nothing/Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 1994. March Of The Pigs. Nothing/Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 1995. Further Down The Spiral. Nothing/Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 1995. Further Down The Spiral. Nothing/Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 1999. The Fragile. Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 2005. With Teeth. Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 2007. Year Zero. Interscope 

Nine Inch Nails. 2013. Hesitation Marks. Columbia 


Beaumont-Thomas, Ben. (2018) Trent Reznor: ‘You’re seeing the fall of America in real time’

Beaumont, Mark. (2013) The nine lives of Trent Reznorhttps://www.theguardian.com/music/2013/aug/08/the-nine-lives-of-trent-reznor

Breihan, Tom. (2008) Review of Ghosts I-IV https://pitchfork.com/reviews/albums/11289-ghosts-i-iv/

Blackwell, Mark (1995) Huh Magazine http://www.theninhotline.net/archives/articles/xint1a.shtml

Bozza Antony, (1999) “The Fragile World of Trent Reznor” Rolling Stone, https://www.rollingstone.com/music/music-news/the-fragile-world-of-trent-reznor-114999/

Buskin, Richard (2012) “CLASSIC TRACKS: Nine Inch Nails Closer”, Sound On Sound,

Chapell, Bill, (2013) Rate Of U.S. Gun Violence Has Fallen Since 1993


Caba, Justin. (2015) Medical Daily

Chick Stevie, To Hell and Back Again, Kerrang, April 2005, http://www.nin-pages.de/2005_Kerrang_April_english.htm

Claymore, Gabriela Tully. (2018) Stereogum, Trent Reznor Is Doing What Feels Right.

Di Perna, Alan (2000) In The Flesh: Trent Reznor meets Roger Waters, Revolver,

Dombal, Ryan. (2010) Trent Reznor and David Fincher – Interview, Pitchfork.

Doran, John. (2018)  How Can I Light Myself On Fire To Get You To Listen? NIN Interviewed, The Quietus. https://thequietus.com/articles/25050-nine-inch-nails-trent-reznor-interview-bad-witch

Eggertson, Chris. (2018) LA Curbed,  The Manson murder house

Fisher, Mark, (2005) Nihil Rebound, K-Punk blog, http://k-punk.abstractdynamics.org/archives/004725.html

Gionfriddo, Gina (2007) Radcliffe, Shelley, Freud, Reznor, The Believer, https://believermag.com/radcliffe-shelley-freud-reznor/ [accessed 31 Oct, 2018]

Gold, Jonathan. (1997) The Downward Spiral, Rolling Stone, https://www.rollingstone.com/music/music-album-reviews/the-downward-spiral-187149/

Golden, Zara. (2014) Trent Reznor and Atticus Finch’s Gone Girl, Fader,

Gourley, Bob. (1992)  Trent Reznor interviewed during the making of the Nine Inch Nails album The Downward Spiral

Heath, C. (1995) The Art of Darkness, Details, Nin-pages.de http://www.nin-pages.de/1995_Details_April_english.htm 

Hickman, Terry. (2012) Religion, Mythology and Fucking Lie An Animal: Inside The Closer Video. http://hnv.nin.net/closer.html

Johnson, Andy (2012) Pop Matters, Five Dark Parallels Between NIN’s ‘The Downward Spiral’ and the Manics’ ‘The Holy Bible’

King, Stephen. (1999) “The Bogeyboys” VEMA Annual Meeting, https://www.stephen-king.de/stephen-king/interviews/28-stephen-kings-keynote-address.html

Kurtz, Howard. (1995) Time Warner, On The Defensive For The Offensive https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1995/06/02/time-warner-on-the-defensive-for-the-offensive/

Leight, Elias, Billboard, 2007. https://www.billboard.com/articles/news/7874209/steve-gottlieb-nine-inch-nails-interscope-defiant-ones

Leach, Francis (1994) Triple J interview

Male, Andrew (1999) Select Magazine, Columbine Harvester

Marchese, David (2017) In Conversation: Trent Reznor

Marchese, David (2013) Spin Magazine,  The Return of Nine Inch Nails

Mankowski, Guy. (2018) Symbolism In The Lyrics of Smashing Pumpkins, 3:AM, http://www.3ammagazine.com/3am/cherubs-zeros-glass-children-swans-symbolism-in-lyrics-of-the-smashing-pumpkins/

 Manson, M. 1999. ‘Columbine: whose fault is it?’, [open letter] Rolling Stone, 28 May.

Miller, Laura (2003) Review: Diary, Salon, https://web.archive.org/web/20041208213618/http://www.salon.com/books/review/2003/08/20/palahniuk/index_np.html

NIN Pages Archive, http://www.nin-pages.de/index_archiv.htm

NIN Hotline, http://www.theninhotline.net/archives/articles/

O’Leary, Chris. (2013) Pushing Ahead of The Dame, Outside Tour: The Nine Inch Nails Duets.

Powers, Ann (1997) Village Voice, Nasty Art  http://www.metroactive.com/papers/sonoma/07.24.97/dirty-art-9730.html

Radford, Ivan. (2014) Writing on Den of Geek! In 2014

Semel, Paul. (2000) Incite Games magazine

Shepard, Susan Elizabeth (2019) “Closer”: The Strange Story Of Nine Inch Nails’ Enduring Strip Club Anthem

Stosuy, Brandon. (2008) “Trent Reznor Upset His Music Used To Torture Prisoners, Dude From Drowning Pool Not So Much.” Stereogum

https://www.stereogum.com/41132/trent_reznor_upset_his_music_used_to_torture_priso/news/ [Accessed 2 July. 2018].

Waite, Thom. (2018) http://www.dazeddigital.com/art-photography/article/41032/1/man-fallen-into-anish-kapoor-artwork-hospitalised-descent-into-limbo

Wilkinson, Alec. (2012) Music From The Machine, The New Yorker.

Worthington, Andy. (2011) A History of Music Torture in the “War on Terror”

Zaleski, Annie, (2015) Nine Inch Nails’ The Downward Spiral captured an aggressive zeitgeist

Zeichner Naomi, (2013) The Way Out Is Through: An Interview with David Fincher, Fader, September 2013.


Mead, Karen. Bitner, Brian. Shults, Maxwell. ‘Episode 3: Bow Down’ Underneath It All. 2013. http://shoutengine.com/UnderneathItAllANineInchNailsPodcast/episode-03-bow-down-1025

Mead, Karen. ‘Episode 5: Interview with Richard Patrick’. Underneath It All. 2013. http://shoutengine.com/UnderneathItAllANineInchNailsPodcast/episode-05-surprise-an-interview-with-richard-patr-1078


Askerøi, Eirik. 2013. Reading Pop Production Sonic Markers and Musical Identity Dissertation for the degree of PhD in Popular Music Performance University of Agder Faculty of Fine Arts 

Beautrais, A.L. et al. 1996. ‘llisk factors for serious suicide attempts among youth aged 13 through 24 years’, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35(9), PP.1,174-82 1997. ‘Precipitating factors and life events in serious suicide attempts among youths aged 13 through 24 years’, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(11), PP.1,543-5

Birmaher, B. et al. 1996. ‘Childhood and adolescent depression: a review of the past 10 years’, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35(11), PP.1,428-30

Broadhurst, Susan. 1999. Liminal Acts: A Critical Overview of Contemporary Performance and Theory. London: Cassell

Bryson, M. 2017. ‘The Artist as Critic: Two Modern Musical Responses to Paradise Lost’. Milton Quarterly, 51(2): 146-152. 

Burns, Alex. (1999). “This Machine Is Obsolete’: A Listener’s Guide to Nine Inch Nails’ The Fragile,” M/C: A Journal of Media and Culture 2, no. 8 

Carlin, G. and Jones, M., 2012. ‘Helter Skelter and Sixties Revisionism’. Volume! La revue des musiques populaires, 9 (2): 34-49.

Cusick, S., & Joseph, B. 2011. ‘Across an Invisible Line: A Conversation about Music and Torture’. Grey Room (42): 6-21. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/41236807

Cobb, D.M., 2016. ‘Hurt: Remembering the Violence of Nineteenth-Century America’. The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, 15(1): 111-114.

Cogan, B. 2007. ‘Do They Owe Us a Living? Of Course They Do! Crass, Throbbing Gristle, and Anarchy and Radicalism in Early English Punk Rock’. Journal for the Study of Radicalism, 1(2): 77-90. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/41887578

Collins, K. 2005. ‘Dead Channel Surfing: The Commonalities between Cyberpunk Literature and Industrial Music’. Popular Music, 24(2): 165-178. 

Collins, K. (2002) The Future Is Happening Already: Industrial Music, Dystopia And The Aesthetic Of The Machine, Thesis.

Daanen, S. 2012. Atheism in American Rock and Metal Music (1989-2001); Satanic, Subversive, and un-American? (Master’s thesis) 

Doyle, J. 2017. ‘Adam Curtis as remixologist: the case for metajournalism as radical practice. Studies in Documentary Film 11(1): 45-63. 

Flannery, D. 2000. ‘Seven’s Sexuality’. Irish Journal of American Studies, 9: 129-160.

Hickey-Moody, A. 2009. ‘Little war machines: Posthuman pedagogy and its media’. Journal of Literary & Cultural Disability Studies, 3(3): 273-280.

House, A.E. 2011. ‘Narrative Music and the Concept Album: A Case Study of Nine Inch Nails, The Downward Spiral’. Wesleyan University, Unpublished.

Kahn, S. 2000. ‘Kurt Cobain, Martyrdom, and the Problem of Agency’. Studies in Popular Culture, 22 (3): 83-96. 

Keith, S. 2013. ‘Half of it is just the fun of finding the right music: Music and the films of Adam Curtis’. Studies in Documentary Film, 7(2): 161-178.

Lacasse, S. 1998. ‘L’analyse des Rapports Texte-Musique dans La Musique Populaire: Le cas des paramètres technologiques’. Musurgia, 5(2): 77-85. 

Lakes, R. 1999. ‘Mosh Pit Politics: The Subcultural Style of Punk Rage’. Journal of Thought, 34(3): 21-31. 

Larkin, R. 2007. ERIC AND DYLAN. In Comprehending Columbine (pp. 122-154). Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1bw1ktw.8

Macek, S. 1999. Places of Horror: Fincher’s “Seven” and Fear of the City in Recent Hollywood Film. College Literature, 26(1), 80-97.

Manchester, V. M. 2009. Something I Can Never Have: Damaged Masculinity In The Music of Nine Inch Nails. (Thesis). University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong SAR. 


Miernik, M.A., 2013. The Evolution of Emo and its Theoretical implications.

Neumann, C. (2001). Journal of the History of Sexuality, 10(3/4), 582-584. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/3704775

Novotny, P., 1997. No Future! Cyberpunk, industrial music, and the aesthetics of postmodern disintegration. Political science fiction, pp.99-123.

Pike, S. 2009. Dark Teens and Born-Again Martyrs: Captivity Narratives after Columbine. Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 77(3), 647-679. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20630144

Revell, D. (1993). The Moving Sidewalk. New England Review, 15 (2), 82.

Rubin, L., 2009. The Politics of Boredom: Punk, the Situationist International and Chuck Palahniuk’s Rant. Reading Chuck Palahniuk: American Monsters and Literary Mayhem, pp.129-142.

edited by Cynthia Kuhn, Lance Rubin

Thoreau, Henry David. “Walking.” In The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata, 167–95. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016.

Thomas, Sara Ann. Subjectivity In American Popular Metal: Contemporary Gothic, The Body, The Grotesque, and The Child.[Dissertation] University of Glasgow, 2009.

Tatusko, A. 2005. Transgressing Boundaries in the Nine Inch Nails: The Grotesque as a Means to the Sacred, Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, 11(1), retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3138/JRPC.11.1.003 

Woods, Bret D. 2007. “Industrial Music For Industrial People: The History And Development Of An Underground Genre”,  http://purl.flvc.org/fsu/fd/FSU_migr_etd-0781.

White, D.R., 2001. The City of Disney: Book VI Promethean Fire Sale! Viral Thermodynamics and the Rise of the Incandescent Beast Augustine of Epcot and his Scribe. CTheory, pp.11-27. http://www.ctheory.net/articles.aspx?id=313

White, D.R. and Hellerich, G., 1995. Nietzsche at the Altar: Situating the Devotee. Postmodern Culture, 6(1); reprinted in Daniel R. White and Gert Hellerich, Labyrinths of the Mind, Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998.

Wright, R. 2000. ‘I’d Sell You Suicide’: Pop Music and Moral Panic in the Age of Marilyn Manson. Popular Music, 19(3), 365-385. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/853642

Twemlow, S.W. and Peter Fonagy PhD, F.B.A., 2008. Embodying the mind: Movement as a container for destructive aggression. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 62(1), p.1


Broken Movie, 1993


1994 Interview with Trent Reznor

Closer – video making-of documentary, 1997

Short film of the Cielo Drive house, Dec 1993

All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace [2011] Adam Curtis

Bitter Lake [2015] Adam Curtis

The Defiant Ones [2017] Netflix


Into The Never
%d bloggers like this: